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Elsevier (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɛlzəviːr]) is a global information and analytics company and one of the world's major providers of scientific, technical, and medical information that helps institutions and professionals progress science, advance healthcare and improve performance. It was established in 1880 as a publishing company. It is a part of the RELX Group, known until 2015 as Reed Elsevier. Its products include journals such as The Lancet and Cell, the ScienceDirect collection of electronic journals, the Trends and Current Opinion series of journals, the online citation database Scopus, and the ClinicalKey solution for clinicians. Elsevier's products and services include the entire academic research lifecycle, including software and data-management, instruction and assessment tools.
Elsevier publishes more than 430,000 articles annually in 2,500 journals. Its archives contain over 13 million documents and 30,000 e-books. Total yearly downloads amount to more than 900 million.
Elsevier's high net profit margins (37% in 2017) and its copyright practices have subjected it to criticism by researchers.

Elsevier is a global information analytics business that helps institutions and professionals progress science, advance healthcare and improve performance.

History

The original seal of the Elsevier family was used by Elsevier company as its logo until 2019.
Elsevier was founded in 1880[6] and adopted the name and logo from the Dutch publishing house Elzevir that was an inspiration and has no connection to the contemporary Elsevier.[6] The Elzevir family operated as booksellers and publishers in the Netherlands; the founder, Lodewijk Elzevir (1542–1617), lived in Leiden and established that business in 1580. As a company logo, Elsevier used the Elzevir family's printer's mark, a tree entwined with a vine and the words Non Solus, which is Latin for "not alone".[7] Elsevier suggests that this logo represents "the symbiotic relationship between publisher and scholar".[8]

The expansion of Elsevier in the scientific field after 1945 was funded with the profits of the newsweekly Elsevier, which published its first issue on 27 October 1945. The weekly was an instant success and very profitable.[9] The weekly was a continuation, as is stated in its first issue, of the monthly Elsevier, which was founded in 1891 to promote the name of the publishing house and had to stop publication in December 1940 because of the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.

In 1947, Elsevier began publishing its first English-language journal, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta.[10]

In 2013, Elsevier acquired Mendeley, a UK company making software for managing and sharing research papers. Mendeley, previously an open platform for sharing of research, was greatly criticized for the acquisition, which users saw as acceding to the "paywall" approach to research literature. Mendeley's previously open-sharing system now allows exchange of paywalled resources only within private groups.[11] The New Yorker described Elsevier's reasons for buying Mendeley as two-fold: to acquire its user data, and to "destroy or coöpt an open-science icon that threatens its business model".[12]


In the first half of 2019, RELX reported the first slowdown in revenue growth for Elsevier in several years: 1% vs. an expectation of 2% and a typical growth of at least 4% in the previous 5 years.[13]

References


  1.  "2018 RELX Group Annual Report" (PDF). RELX Company Reports. RELX. March 2019.
  2.  http://im.ft-static.com/content/images/66ce3362-68b9-11df-96f1-00144feab49a.pdf.
  3.  "Plum Goes Orange – Elsevier Acquires Plum Analytics". 2 February 2017.
  4.  RELX (21 February 2019). "RELX — Results for the year to December 2018" (PDF) (Press release). London, United Kingdom and Amsterdam, The Netherlands: RELX Group. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Adjusted operating margin for 2017 for the publishing division is 36.8% (p6).
  5.  Lin, Thomas (13 February 2012). "Mathematicians Organize Boycott of a Publisher". The New York Times.
  6.  Groen 2007, p. 217.
  7.  Zhang, Sarah (4 March 2019). "The Real Cost of Knowledge". The Atlantic. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  8.  "Interesting Fact - History of the Elsevier Logo". Facebook. Retrieved 12 June 2019.

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